Shortly before its takeover of Afrin, the Turkish Ministry of Defense focused on establishing observation posts in the provinces of Idlib and Aleppo, even though it had military bases scattered throughout the Euphrates area. The new points have been set up in the areas of Salwa, Qahl, Tall al-Touqan, Al-Saarman, the countryside of Ma’arat al-Nu’man, West Abu Hishur Airport in Idlib , in addition to observation points in Idan and Tal El-Ais. Three points were built on the vicinity of Afrin in Darat Izzah and Jabal Barakat in Aleppo province.*
The observation posts are the result of the agreements to reduce the escalation with Russia and Iran. Turkey has also established more control points in areas far away from Afrin in the northern suburbs of Aleppo, including Maara and r near the city of Hama in central Syria. While the distant aim of these points was the planting of military arms and the eyes of a survey capable of permanently monitoring the reality of the babttleground. These new observation points do not amount to military bases such as the one built by the United States or Russia in Syria. Joint elements of the Turkish intelligence and army included Turkish experts, ranging from 125 to 150 and all of them, with mechanisms ranging from 75 to 100 Between tanks, troop carriers and engineering mechanisms at all points, in addition to logistics and medium weapons; and the missions to protect and guard those military points were assigned to the faction of the Sham supported and funded by Turkey.
Turkish lines enter the Syrian interior through the border crossingof Kafr Lusin with Turkey in the northern suburb of Idlib protected by the elements of the “Hch”, and then complete the walk with them elements of the Sham Corps, which alternates the elements of guarding those points, which was built for the barriers and tents belonging to the Corps of the Levant in order to protect and secure the requirements Turkish observers and military. And prevents the proximity of civilians from the points mentioned above as military points and control, and the relations of the Turks with the parents through visits of tribal leaders from the region and delegations from the local councils of villages adjacent to these points under the auspices of the Sham Corps, and recorded cases of interference by these points in civil affairs , And it is mentioned that one of the visits when asked to the Turkish officers about the possibility of stopping the Assad forces to bomb on the countryside Idlib, they replied that Turkey can not give assurances in this regard until the end of the deployment of all Turkish points.
The Turkish observation points did not prevent the bombing of Assad’s continued forces to the positions of the factions in the villages of Aleppo and Idlib, which appears to be the presence of these points is not deterrent purposes, forcing Assad to abide by the agreement to reduce areas of escalation. On 4 March, the Turkish forces opened the Tal al-Sultan crossing in the vicinity of the Toukan hill, according to a Turkish-Russian agreement, and through which civilian families crossed to the villages of Idlib, Hama and Aleppo coming from the “East of the Sekkah” area. distance. According to information Idleb 24 obtained.
It is noteworthy that the Sham Corps is considered a battalions loyal to the Muslim Brotherhood, but it is on the ruins of several battalions loyal to the organization during the period of his control over areas in the countryside of Homs; and after the withdrawal towards Aleppo and Idlib took the Corps new body and joined the Brigades follow the Muslim Brotherhood and coincided It is clear from its dependence on Turkey. In the Corps, the names of leaders including Munther Saras, Nazir al-Hakim, Haitham Rahma and dissident officer Yasir Abdul Rahim emerged. Currently, the Sham Corps is Turkey’s longest arm in the Syrian north. Far from controlling Afrin, the Legion received all the bases of the People’s Protection Units and became under its control as a result of Turkish patronage.